Although unlikely, human-to-human transmission of Nipah is still possible if people are in contact with the secretions of infected people. People are expected to make a full recovery after surviving the inflammation however, some people show long-term neurological conditions such as seizure disorder and personality changes. It causes respiratory infection and brain damage and has a mortality rate in humans of up to 75 per cent. There were two outbreaks in West Bengal in 2001 and 2007 with 50 people killed. So far, more than 10 people have died from this condition including a staff nurse who was treating these patients. Drinking of raw palm sap contaminated by bat excrete, eating of fruits partially consumed by bats and using water from wells infested by bats should be avoided. Neighbours too may be affected in person to person transmission.
Local officials have urged the public not to panic but health authorities across Kerala have been put on high alert. In Bangladesh and India, there have been reports of possible human-to-human transmission of the disease. The anti-malarial drug was shown to block the critical functions needed for maturation of Nipah virus, although no clinical benefit has yet been observed. Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain and myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart. Take bath on a regular basis.
These feeds exclusively on fruits, nectar and flowers. The association of this disease within reproductive cycle of bats is not well studied. It was son discovered that the carrier of this virus are actually the Bats and because of urban development and disturbance in the environmental balance the bats and the human proximity had increased due to which the virus infected humans too. As human to human transfer is only seen on close contact, it is best that people are nursed in an isolated environment. Saritha has also initiated an inquiry into the Nipah virus origins.
Try to keep your pets indoors and feed them yourselves to lower the risk of being infected. In fatal cases, immunohistochemistry on the tissues collected during autopsy may be the only way to confirm a diagnosis. On Tuesday, minutes before succumbing to the infection, a 28-year-old nurse Lini had shared an emotional letter with her husband, expressing the pain of not being able to see him one last time. Seventeen deaths were recorded, including one healthcare worker. Nipah virus NiV infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans.
It is also important to avoid all direct contact with the deceased……!! As the external difference between them is mainly observable in their heads; and as a head of each is this moment hanging from the Pequod's side. Two of the infected were completely cured. It is necessary to maintain good personal hygiene and also stay away from places where bats can be found in large numbers. But the alarming news is, recently in the Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh, several bats were found in one of the schools. Instead, it is transmitted through contact and bodily fluids. Recently, there has been about Nipah Virus outbreak in Kerala.
In Bangladesh, there were also outbreaks in subsequent years. The bats would feed on this date palm sap and infect it by licking it or passing urine or feces into it. The only way to treat the infection is through intensive supportive care. If you show three or more symptoms of Nipah Virus infection, it is good to seek medical attention. Complications can include and following recovery.
Nipah Virus Prevention A number of interventions are used around the world to prevent Nipah Virus outbreaks and proliferation in bats. Treatment of the Nipah Virus: Unfortunately there is no cure currently available. Bats are known to drink toddy that is collected in open containers, and occasionally urinate in it, which makes it contaminated with the virus. Also referred as NiV virus, the infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis. It is a very dangerous virus which is also entered in India in 2018 through Kerala. Though the test was negative, and it was confirmed that bats were not infected by Nipah virus, the fear still runs through people hearts. And if you experience even the slightest symptom then do visit your doctor and get all the necessary tests done.
Local Media reports suggest that almost 200 patients in Kozhikode district and Malappuram are under medical treatment while 26 are kept under observation and 3 sent for intensive treatment. Severe cases can go into a coma. However, these infected bats are usually symptom less carriers. When these pigs were slaughtered and consumed, the virus will then spread to humans. If you live in a region which is on alert due to the Nipah Virus, there are ways you can prevent catching the infection.
Patients may need respiratory support and may need to be put on the ventilator. That said, human-to-human spread is well-known, and of the cases reported from an outbreak in Siliguri, 75% occurred among hospital staff or visitors. What are the Symptoms of Nipah Virus? Usually, during a Nipah virus outbreak, the fatality rate of NiV infections have been seen to range between 50-75%, though it is possible for it to be as high as 100% in some outbreaks. It means that if a patient gets affected by this virus, there are 40 to 75% chances, that the patient will die. Diagnosis of the virus in horses is easy with a stall-side test. What is the Nipah Virus? Nipah virus infection Structure of a Symptoms None, , cough, headache, confusion , Usual onset 5 to 14 days after exposure Causes Nipah virus spread by direct contact Based on symptoms, confirmed by laboratory testing Prevention Avoiding exposure to bats and sick pigs, not drinking raw Treatment Frequency ~700 human cases 1998 to May 2018 Deaths ~50 to 75% risk of death Nipah virus infection NiV is a caused by the.
It is transmissible and can be spread by an infected human to a healthy person. The World Health Organization is often at the forefront of containment efforts. Eating well is extremely crucial for the body to combat it as, will provide you enough and only thing is that you need to feed your immunity. The mode of transmission includes person-to-person and contact with sick animals. Experts say the disease has mutated and can now spread from person to person.