The source for this interactive example is stored in a GitHub repository. Then again, the actual iteration order is not guaranteed no matter what the order members are added. In contrast, a deep copy of X creates a new object X2 that references the new objects A2 and B2, which are copies of A and B. As shown, objects modified this way now look very much like ordinary objects. But, within theCopy we also have two other values: two more arrays — both of which are objects and exist somewhere in memory only accessible by pointers. DeepCopy ' Change the members of the p1 class to new values to show the deep copy.
Later sources' properties will similarly overwrite earlier ones. WriteLine ' Change the value of p1 properties and display the values of p1 and p2. Using propertiesObject argument with Object. On the other hand, when a deep copy operation is performed, the cloned Person object, including its Person. This can become a very expensive process if you continue looping through each array or object as it appears. If a field is a value type, a bit-by-bit copy of the field is performed.
IdInfo property, can be modified without affecting the original object. B2, in turn, references the new object C2, which is a copy of C. Examples The following example illustrates the method. As a result, modifying the clone's Person. Polyfill This polyfill covers the main use case, which is creating a new object for which the prototype has been chosen but doesn't take the second argument into account.
I like your style — low coupling. IdInfo property returns an IdInfo object. This is not what we want. As shown above, all seems normal so far. But if same object is created simply in different order -- at least in some implementations. But note that, because functions are objects, unique properties can be added and if that happens then you have to treat it like a regular object when copying. There are numerous ways to implement a deep copy operation if the shallow copy operation performed by the method does not meet your needs.
Complex types include Arrays, Objects and Functions; these are all objects. If you'd like to contribute to the interactive examples project, please clone and send us a pull request. ColdFusion passes them by value. Also, you can use for. Therefore it assigns properties versus just copying or defining new properties. The source for this interactive example is stored in a GitHub repository. If support for older browsers is necessary, or can be used.
For copying property definitions, including their enumerability, into prototypes and should be used instead. Examples Classical inheritance with Object. Description Properties in the target object will be overwritten by properties in the sources if they have the same key. In case of an error, for example if a property is non-writable, a will be raised, and the target object can be changed if any properties are added before error is raised. Copy Name Return other End Function End Class Module Example Public Sub Main ' Create an instance of Person and assign values to its fields. The DeepCopy method in the example illustrates this approach.
Return value A new object with the specified prototype object and properties. As the output from the example shows, when a Person object is cloned by calling the method, the cloned Person object is an independent copy of the original object, except that they share the same Person. This may make it unsuitable for merging new properties into a prototype if the merge sources contain getters. The example illustrates the difference between a shallow and a deep copy operation. IdInfo property changes the original object's Person. WriteLine ' Make a deep copy of p1 and assign it to p3.
Object B, in turn, references object C. This assumes that the values of an object are entirely defined by its class constructor. It also defines a DeepCopy method that performs a deep copy operation on a Person object. If you'd like to contribute to the interactive examples project, please clone and send us a pull request. If specified and not , an object whose enumerable own properties that is, those properties defined upon itself and not enumerable properties along its prototype chain specify property descriptors to be added to the newly-created object, with the corresponding property names.
ShallowCopy ' Display values of p1, p2 Console. Dim p1 As New Person p1. Remarks The method creates a shallow copy by creating a new object, and then copying the nonstatic fields of the current object to the new object. This is a common requirement; almost every well-constructed jQuery plugin uses this method to merge default settings with user-defined settings. Please share your thoughts with. Before each assignment line 5 the value is first passed to arguments. If a field is a reference type, the reference is copied but the referred object is not; therefore, the original object and its clone refer to the same object.